'''Thucydides''' (; , ''Thoukudídēs'', ; c. 460 – c. 400 BC) was an Classical Athens|Athenian historian
and general officer|general
. His ''History of the Peloponnesian War
'' recounts Peloponnesian war|the 5th century BC war
to the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" because of his strict standards of evidence-gathering and analysis of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods, as outlined in his introduction to his work.
[Cochrane, p. 179; Meyer, p. 67; de Sainte Croix.]
He has also been called the father of the school of political realism
, which views the political behavior of individuals and the subsequent outcome of relations between states as ultimately mediated by and constructed upon the emotions of fear
[Strauss, p. 139.]
His text is still studied at both universities...